Mozart’s KV 33b as an adaption of an older Lute Piece
The keyboard piece written by Mozart between 29 September and 12 October 1766 in Zurich is in fact an adapted lute piece. It is known from several sources either as a solo piece, or as part of an ensemble composition. An example of this is the first movement of the Parthie ex C# à Liuto Obligato, Duoi Violini e Basse by a “Signr. Hirschtaller” from D-ROu Musica saec. XVIII 45.1. For a comparison of the lute version and Mozart’s piece, the following files can be consulted:
Mozart, KV 33b (transcribed from the original source) as a PDF or MP3 file
A parallel reading of KV 33b and Hirschtaller as a PDF or MP3 file
Friedrich Wilhelm Rust (1739 – 1796)
Three Sonatas for Lute and Violin/Flute obbligato
Dessau, c. 1791 (for 13-course Baroque lute)
These three Sonatas are late examples of chamber music with lute. They are composed in classical style, with songlike movements much liked be the audiences. They are preserved in two manuscripts, one of them containing corrupted versions for which the grandson of the composer, the Cantor at St Thomas in Leipzig Wilhelm Rust, seems to be responsible. All of the three compositions are however complete in this manuscript, while in another, which for long years was thought to be lost, the lute parts alone are preserved. The rediscovery of these lute parts made it possible to study techniques of falsification by comparing the two sources. The music in the source which once was in Wilhelm Rust’s possession (the “original” manuscript) has been arranged in the style of romantic music by writing the arrangements directly into the tablature, which then only a few specialists were able to decipher.
An article describes the “crime story” of how the arrangements were uncovered, and how this made a reconstruction of the original compositions possible:
Andreas Schlegel: Zur Neuausgabe der Sonaten für Laute und obligate Violine/Flöte von Friedrich Wilhelm Rust, in: Gitarre & Laute 6 (1989), pp. 41–47 (On the new edition of Friedrich Wilhelm Rust’s Sonatas for Lute and Violin/Flute obbligato)
With the friendly permission of Peter Päffgen, the editor of Gitarre & Laute, a pdf file of this article can be consulted here.
Together with the violinist Myrtha Albrecht-Indermaur, Andreas Schlegel has recorded a CD of the Rust Sonatas, complemented by two Sonatas by Bernhard Joachim Hagen. This CD can be had from The Lute Corner, and the booklet coming with the CD, which contains the most important information in short form, can be consulted here in the form of a pdf file.
Also to be had from The Lute Corner is an edition of the music by Andreas Schlegel and Andreas Besteck who saw for the editing of the flute part.
- Lute set: Score with introduction and transcription of the tablature, part book violin/flute, lute part in tablature.
Order no. LC9806, CHF 42,-
All parts are available separately:
- Lute score: Introduction and transcription into keyboard notation. 46 pages, spiral binding, landscape format DIN A4. Sample page
Order no. LC9801, CHF 32,-
- Lute part: Tablature for the 13-course Baroque lute. 20 pages, spiral binding, landscape format DIN A4. Sample page
Order no. LC9803, CHF 24,-
- Violin/Flute part: 16 pages, staple binding, portrait format DIN A4.
Order no. LC9805, CHF 12,-
Michael Erni has arranged the music for the guitar:
- Guitar set: Score with introduction, guitar arrangement and part book for violin/flute.
Order no. LC9807, CHF 36,-
- Guitar part book: The music has been carefully set in order to minimize the neccesity of page-turns. With only two pages from the part book copied and used as separate pages, there is no need for any page-turn in any of the movements. 22 pages, spiral binding, landscape format DIN A4. Sample page
Order no. LC 9804, CHF 24,-
- Guitar score: Introduction and guitar arrangement. 46 pages, spiral binding, landscape format DIN A4.
Order no. LC9802, CHF 32,-
Lecture “Konzerte mit obligater Laute” (Concertos with Liuto obbligato)
In September 1992 Andreas Schlegel gave a lecture on this subject during the congress of the Akademie Weiss in Freiburg/Breisgau (the lecture’s title was supplied by the academy). The papers of the congress were never published. The lecture plus the pages of a handout can be read here:
Handout with tables and music examples